1. Computing

Before You Record: Set Up Your Computer

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Most any computer built in the last few years can probably become a fantastic home studio, regardless of how much money you have to put into it. Whether it's a PC or a Mac, you've probably got a powerful computer ready to go for your home studio. Taking the time to prepare it for recording will help you immensely down the road in terms of performance (and, as a result of smooth operations, save you plenty of time in frustration!).

Step One: Your Recording Hard Drives

One of the first things you should consider getting for your recording computer is your hard drives. If you've got the resources to do so, I highly recommend a second hard drive -- internal or external -- to only use as a recording drive. This hard drive should do nothing more than store your recording files, which are accessed on this drive. The faster the better -- a 7200 RPM drive is highly recommended -- and Firewire or USB2 generally works best. External makes it easy to transport to other studios when doing work elsewhere. Look for at least 350 GB storage capacity -- more if you can afford it.

Step 2: Max Out Your RAM

It's no secret that the more RAM you have, the better your computer runs. The difference between 512MB of RAM and 2 GB of RAM on a recording machine is staggering -- everything will run faster, you'll be able to run more recording plug-ins and effects, and you'll be able to work in a multi-track environment without issues. If you're running a PC, at least 1 GB is recommended; for Macs, especially the new i5 Macs, 4 GB minimum is the standard. And don't skimp on the quality of the RAM you buy; the higher quality chips do have a slight performance advantage over the cheap ones.

Step 3: On a PC? Shut Off Unnecessary Services

Macintosh has long been the favorite of recording engineers because of it's underlying stability, especially the UNIX-like backbone. However, if you're stuck running Windows and don't want to convert to Mac, there's still hope!

If you must run an anti-virus software, choose a lightweight one that doesn't constantly run in the background. Also, disable all background and task bar services that aren't 100% necessary. Visual effects, the background image, system sounds, and other aesthetic options are resource hogs you can do without, too.

Step 4: On a Mac with OS X? Disable Dashboard & Widgets

One of the coolest parts of Mac OS X is the Dashboard application and the associated Widgets. As much as it hurts to say this, Dashboard is a resource hog that you don't need active when recording. Sorry, Steve Jobs. Let's do some housecleaning to keep OS X running.

Drop into your Terminal application (it's in Utilities), and type the following: defaults write com.apple.dashboard mcx-disabled -boolean YES followed by killall Dock.

Your Widgets aren't lost forever; you can reactivate them in Terminal by typing defaults write com.apple.dashboard mcx-disabled -boolean NO along with the killall Dock command.

Step 5: Keep Your Software Current, But Be Careful

Always running the most up-to-date version of your recording software is a great idea, but it's not always recommended. Some recent updates of major recording softwares aren't 100% stable, and it's sometimes a good idea to stay a step or two behind (by staying with a stable release) than the current release update (which may be in "Beta" or experimental). If you notice your performance decreasing after an update, or notice certain plug-ins you've come to rely on no longer function properly, don't be afraid to "downgrade" to the most stable release.
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